Modern historians about Macedonia – Fergus Millar


“Hadrian… also founded a temple of `Zeus Panhellenios’, and established Panhellenic games and an annual Panhellenic assembly of deputies from ALL THE CITIES OF GREECE and all those outside which could prove their foundation FROM GREECE;…The importance attached to Hadrian’s institution is best illustrated by an early third-century inscription from THESSALONICA honouring a local magnate, T.Aelius Geminius Macedo [i.e., the Macedonian], who had not only held magistracies and provided timber for a basilica in his own city, and been Imperial `curator’ of Apollonia, but had been archon of the PANHELLENIC congress in Athens, priest of the deified Hadrian and president of the eighteenth PANHELLENIC Games (199/200); the inscription mentions proudly that he was the first `archon’ of the Panhellenic Congress from the city of Thessalonica. That was one side of the picture, the development of Greek civilization and the CONSCIOUS CELEBRATION OF ITS UNITY AND PROSPERITY. In the native populations of the East it produced mixed feelings, nowhere better exemplified than the conversation of three Rabbis of the second century,…”

<Fergus Millar, “The Roman Empire and its Neighbours,” 2nd ed. (London: Duckworth, 1981), pp.205-206>