List of notable non-Macedonian Greeks in Alexanders campaign

 

800px Macedonian Army Alexander List of notable non Macedonian Greeks in Alexanders campaignLysimachos: One of the Diadochi. According to Porphyri of Tyre, Lysimachos had Thessalian origins since his father Agathocles was a native of the Thessalian city Crannon who later moved with his family in the court of Philip II in Pella.

Arrybas: A Somatophylax of Philip and later Alexander. Originally a Molossian (Ar. 3.5.5)

Neoptolemos: the Archypaspist. Another Molossian, member of the royal house of Aiakidae. (Plut. Eum. 1.6)

Socrates: Son of Sathon. He was given from Alexander governorship of Cilicia. (curtius sel 62, 4.5.8)

Nearchos: Son of Androtimos, cretan by birth, Admiral of Alexander.

Erigyios: Son of Larichos and Mytilinaean by birth. He was appointed by Philip as an advisor of young Alexander and later during the campaign he was commander of Allied cavalry.

Laomedon: Son of Larichos and younger brother of Erigyios. An Hetairos of Alexander. After Alexander’s death he became Satrap of Coele-Syria.
Aeschylus: A Rhodian appointed by Alexander, with Ephippus (son of chalcideus) as episkopoi of the mercenaries left in egypt. (Ar. 3.5.3, C4.8.4)

Agathocles: Samian taxiarches in alexander’s army. (possibly a commander of allied infantry, mercenaries perhaps)

Apollonius: greek son of charinus. He was appointed in 331 as governor of the region west of the delta (arrian 3.5.4)

Kleandros: son of Polemokrates was sent in late 334 to recruit mercenaries from the peloponnese (arrian 1.24.2;curt 3.1.1) and he rejoined alexander at sidon in early 332 bringing him 4,000 mercenaries (arrian 2.20.5; curt 4.3.11)

Athenodorus: harpist, entertained in the mass-wedding festival of Susa.

Callicrates: Another Greek. Accompanied Alexander on his expedition and he was placed in charge of the treasures in Susa in late 331.

Callicron: son of Euryphaon, cavalryman from Orchomenus who served as a member of Alexander’s allied cavalry until 330.

Philip of Acarnania: Greek physician who saved Alexander’s life.

Androcydes: Greek physician who supposedly have written to alexander urging him to be more moderate in his drinking.

Nicesias: A Greek flatterer in alexander’s entourage. According to ath 6.251c encouraged alexander to believe in his own divinity.

Nicias: A Greek of unknown background, was placed in charge of the assessment and collection of tribute in Lydia in 334. He was also probably subordinate to the new appointed satrap, Asander, son of Philotas (arrian 1.17.7)

Nicocles: A Greek who was sent by Alexander in 326 to negotiate the submission of the Indian dunast Abisares (Diodorus 17.90.4) He appeared to have rejoined Alexander’s army on the way to Hyphasis or at the Acesines, when Alexander had returned from Hyphasis.

Pnytagoras: He was king of Cypriot Salamis. He defected from Persian army and joined Alexander’s army. He served with his ships at Tyre (Arrian 2.22.2) For this, he was richly rewarded from Alexander with Tamasus in the territory of Citium which formerly belonged to Pymiathon’s realm.

Nithaphon: Greek from cyprus, son of King Pnytagoras of Salamis. In 332 or 331 he appears to have joined Alexander’s entourage, along with his younger brother Nicocreon. He is attested in India as a trierarch of the Hydaspes fleet (arrian Indica 18.8)

Polyxenus: son of Xenotimus. Cavalry from Orchomenus who served in alexander’s army until the expedition reached ecbatana. in 330.

Polycleitus: Thessalian from Larissa. He wrote as an eyewitness account stories about Alexander.

Antigenidas: cavalryman from orhomenus.

Apollodorus: son of telestes, cavalryman from orhomenus.

Argilias: Son of laonicus. cavalryman from orhomenus

Thoas: son of mandrodorus from Magnesia. trierarch of the hydaspes fleet in 326. During the gedrosian march he operated by land and secured landing places and water supplies for the fleet (arrian 6.23.2)

Appeles: son of Pytheas from Colophon. One of the most famous contemporary painters.

Antiphilus: Greek painter from Egypt.

Cleon: Greek from Syracuse, one of the flatterers of Alexander.

Cleomenes: a greek seer or priest who in 328 interpreted an unfavourable omen for the king at the time of Kleitus affair.

Demophon: a greek seer.

Diodotus: Greek from Erythrae, one of the authors of Alexander’s ephimeridae.

Theophilos: most possibly Greek who made the polished iron helmet that Alexander wore in Gaugamela.

Thersippus: envoy of Alexander. In the diplomatic negotiations of 332, after Alexander’s victory at Issus and the capture of Darious family, he was sent from Marathus to Darious, carrying a letter from Alexander to Darius.

Aristonymus an athenean harp-soloist who perfomed at the mass-marriage festival of Susa in 324 BC

Lycidas an Aetolian.  In 332/1 he was appointed commander of the xenoi at Memphis (A 3.5.3)

Stasenor a Cypriot who was appointed as a Satrap.

Cleomenes of Naucratis.  Ptolemy’s hyparch in Egypt (J 13.4.11 ; A. Succ. 1.5) He had been appointed by Alexander in 331 as governor of the Arabian portion of Egypt.

Mentor. He was friend and supporter of Eumenes during Alexander’s campaign.

Miccalus. He was Greek from Clazomenae. In 323 he was sent with 500 talents to Phoenicia and Syria in order to recruit experienced sailors for Alexander’s planned colonization of the coast of the Persian Gulf.

Mnasicles. Cretan Mercenary captain. He served for a time with Alexander the great.

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  4. Alexander’s Pan-Hellenic Campaign – Prophecies that Greeks should conquer the Persian Empire
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