Macedonians among Greek Mercenaries of Darius

 

One of the most silenced stories that we never hear is that there were also Eminent Macedonians who sought refuge in the court of the Persian king Darius and also fought against Alexander’s army.{mospagebreak}

Amyntas, Son of Antiochus

A characteristical case is the one of Amyntas, son of Antiochus. According to Arrian (1.17.9;25.3) he had sought refuge with the Persian King.

This Amyntas was found in 334 BC at Ephesus, and a little later he appears to have joined Darius army in the Battle of Issus while he was advising Darius against Alexander. Another quite interesting point, also silenced, is that during 334, he is the same Amyntas who act as…an agent of another eminent Macedonian who disliked, as it seems, Alexander and prefered to deal with the Persian King against him…this time is Alexander Lyncestes (Arrian 1.25.3)

After Issus, the Macedonian Amyntas, leading a small army of 4000 mercenaries (interesting fact that greek mercenaries of Persians had as their leader a Macedonian) fled to Egypt as we learn from Diodorus (17.48.2). Finally we learn, this Macedonian noble was slaughtered along with his mercenary troops during a plunder in Memphis. (Diodorus 17.48.3-5, Curtius 4.1.27-33)

Neoptolemus, Son of Arrhabaeus 

Same happened with another Eminent Macedonian, namely Neoptolemus, son of Arrhabaeus as we learn in Arrian (1.20.10).

Neoptolemus, son of Arrhabaeus, joined the Persian army as Arrian says, and he lost his life at the gates of Halicarnassus (arrian 1.20.10) fighting his own countrymen.

Assuming that we find eminent Macedonians among the Persian army, i wonder what was the number of anonymous Macedonians also following either Amyntas or Neoptolemus. Even the fact that Amyntas was leading the huge number of 4000 troops, it makes safe to assume that among them, also there should be Macedonians who found themselves in the Persian side either because of dislike for Alexander and previously his father Philip (ie reason behind Neoptolemus), or for the simple economical reasons that made even so many Greeks being mercenaries.

Want more of this? See these Posts:

  1. Greek Mercenaries in Antiquity
  2. Evidence on the Greek ethnicity of Ancient Macedonians
  3. Did Macedonians confront in Chaeronea a “United” greek army???
  4. FYROM Falsified Claim ‘ There were no Greek kingdoms in antiquity therefore Macedonians couldnt be Greek’
  5. We are indigeneous Macedonians, therefore we are Greek
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