The Molossian Decrees

 

09. Dodona, sanctuary of Zeus: stone stele with decree of Molossians before 330? Cabanes (197611) 541 no. 6; SEG xxvi. 699.

[ Gods. When king was Al]exa[ndros when p]rosta[tas of Molos]sians was Ar[istoma]chos Om[phalas, and when] secretary was Me]neda[mos Laru]os, [Molossoi] ga[ve] exe[mption from taxes——-]

D10. Dodona, sanctuary of Zeus: bronze plaque recording an offering by Zakynthians, late 330?
Eggerr(1877) 254 fr; Carapanos (1878) i. 39-40; Franke (1955) 38, suggesting a date soon after 334; Dakans (1964) pl. 4; Hammond (1967) 534; (no reference in Parke 1967); Cabanes (1981) 26, 36 no. 4.

God. Forrune. Zeus, ruler of Dodona, the gift to you i send from me: Agathon son of Echephulos and descent line, proxenoi of Molossians and allies in thirty generations, descent line from Kassandra of Troy. Zakynthians.

D11. Dodona. sanctuary of Zeus: bronze plague, 343 – 331?
Carapanos (1878) i. 32. 5; SGDl 1337; Fraser (1954) 57 n. 13 (attributing to the fourth century and to Alexandros I); Hammond (1967) 536. Restorations are very uncertain. For the word-end restored as ‘allie]s?’ a restoration as [commonal]ty?’ is equally possible.

(When king was Alex[andros, when prostatas of Molossoi was Bakch[- -, and secretary was Sun[- – – of Molossoi and *allies of the Molossoi——-] citizenship

D12. Dodona. sanctuary of Zeus: bronze plague, 343 – 331?
SGDI 1334. Fraser (1954) 57 n. 13 (attributing To the fourth century and to Alexandros I); Hammond (1967) 535-6.

With good fortune. While king was Alexandros, when prostates of Molossoi was Aristoma[ch]os Omphalas and secretary was Menedamos Omphalas, they the commonalty of Molossoi gave equivalence-of -citizenship to Simias of Apollonia, resident in Theptinon, to himself and to descent line and to descent from] descent line

D13. Dodona, sanctuary of Zeus: bronze plaque, 343-331?
Carapanos (1878) L 27. 3; SGDI 1335; Fraser (1954) 57 n. 13 (attributing to the fourth century and to Alexandres I); Hammond (1967) 535—6 (restoring *of the [Molossians)’ rather than ‘of the [Epeirotai]’); Cabanes (1976a) 541 no 5.

[While king] was [Al]exandros. when o[f] Molossoi [prostatas] was Aris(to]machos Omphalas. secr]etar{y] was Menedamos [Omphalas. re]solved by t[h]e assembly of the [Molossoi]: Kteson i[s] benefactor, [hence to give] citizenship ro Ktes[on and] descent line.

D14* Duduna, sanctuary of Zeus: limestone stele, 343-331? Cahanes (1976a) 588-9 no 74; SEG xxvi. 700,

[God], Fortune. While king was [Alexandros. when prostatas of Molossoi was Theudotos Koroneiatas. when secretary was Menedamo[s] Larruos, Pheideta son of Inon released Kleanor as free, both remaining and running away wherever he may choose Witnesses: Mega[s] son of Sinon, Amunandros son of Eruxi[s], Dokimos son of Eruxis, Amunandros son of Inon. Nikanor son of Alipon.

DI5- Dodona. sanctuary of Zeus: bronze plaque, c.330?
Carapanos (1878) i. 27. 2; SGDI 1351; Cabanea (1976a) 580 no. 55; Cabanes (1981) 27, 36 no. 5 (assigning a date near to 330).

Released Grupon from slavery the following, by foreigners’ manumission, Theo-dotos, Aleximachos. So[m]utha. Galaithos, Xenus. Witnesses: of Mollossoi [sic] Androkkas Dodonaios. Philipos Dodonaios. Philoxenos Dodonaios, Draipos Dodonaios, Agilaios Dodonaios, Krainus Phoinatos, Amunandros Dodonaios. Of Threspotoi [sic] Dokimos Larisaios, Peiandros Eleaios. Menandros Tiaios, Alex-andros Tiaios. Demon son of Thoxouchares, Philippo[s], Philon Onopernos. When prostatas was Philoxenos Onopern[os. Of Zeus] Naios (and) Diana.

D16 Dodona, sanctuary of Zeus: bronze plaque, late fourth century? Carapanos (1878) L 27. 1; SGDI 1336; Michel. Recueil 317; Franke (1955) 35-6 (construing the phrase ‘the allies of the Apeirotai’ as a partitive genitive and as denoting ‘those within the Epeirote alliance’); Hammond (1967) 550-60 (dating it to 317-312 or 302-297); Cabanes (1976a) 545 no. 1 a; (1981) 28, 37 no. 6.

God. Fortu[ne. To K]leomachos Atintan the allies of the Apeirotai gave within Apeiros tax exemption, when king was Neoptolemos son of Alexandros, when prostatas was Derkas of Molossoi—and full fiscal rights.

Bibliography:

Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece
By Stephen (EDT) Hodkinson, Roger Brock

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