Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups about Macedonians


“Harvard  Encyclopedia of American  Ethnic  Groups”, Stephan Thernstrom,  *
*   Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1980,                *
*                                                                            *
*   and from the entry under the title: Macedonians, p. 691:                 *
*                                                                            *

Macedonian L E A D E R S BEGAN to develop a strong sense of R E G I ON A L I D E N T I T Y in the 19th century, but it was not until the 20th century that SOME I N T E L L E C T U A L S BEGAN to A R G U E [2]
that Macedonian Slavs were neither Bulgarian nor Serbian, nor Greek, but a S E P A R A T E P E O P L E. The C O M M U N I S T party of Yugoslavia SUPPORTED THIS IDEA during World War II, and in 1945 a People’s
(later Socialist) Republic of Macedonia was established as one of the six constituent republics of the Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia. A Macedonian L I T E R A R Y L A N G U A G E was D E V E L O P E D, and the I D E A of Macedonian N A T I O N A L I T Y was E N C O U R AG E D. In 1958 a Macedonian Orthodox C H U R C H was C R E A T E D, and nine years later it acquired jurisdictional independence. Neighboring Bulgaria, which has a Macedonian minority population, initially favored these developments and from 1944 to 1958 even recognized the existence of a Macedonian nationality. Since 1958, however, Bulgaria has argued that all Macedonians are Bulgarians, and this policy contributes to the discord and tension between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia.

Want more of this? See these Posts:

  1. Ethnic groups in Macedonia, the rest of Balkans and Asia Minor as of early 20th Century
  2. Ethnic groups worldwide
  3. Ethnic Macedonians II
  4. Loring Danforth,The Macedonian Conflict. Ethnic Nationalism in a Transnational World
  5. 1920 – ‘International Geography’ about Macedonia’s population and “ethnic Macedonians” nowhere to be found