Amyntas Alliance with Athens : 375-373 B.C.

Two non-contiguous fragments of a stele of Pentelic marble, found between the Theatre of Dionysus and the Odeum of Herodes, on the S. slope of the Acropolis; now in the Epigraphical Museum.


Usual letters; ου is represented thirteen times by O, nine times by ΟΥ. Στοιχηδόν (but 1.7 has one extra letter). In lines 20,21 the letters are markedly larger.

I.G ii, 102+ S. A Koumanoudes Αθήναιον ν. 171f, 332f.; S.I.G 157; Accame, Lega, 165f

[…άνδρ]ας, οίτ[ινες απολήψονται τ]-
[ούς] όρκους] παρά Αμύ[ντου και Αλεξάνδρου κ]-
[αί] επιμελήσοντα[ι της αναγραφής και]
[τη]ς στήλης, όπως ά[ν τέλος έχηι τα εψηφ]-
[ισ]μένα τωι δήμωι. Ε[π]αινέσαι δ[έ Αμύντ]-
[αν] και τους πρέσβε[ισ[ τους ελθόντ[ας πα]-
[ρ] αυτού, Πτολεμαιο[ν κ]αί Αντήνορα κα[ί..]-
σωαν επαινέσαι [δε κ]αι τους πρέσβε[ισ]
τους πεμφθέντ[ας υπ]ό του δήμου εις Μ[ακ]-
εδονίαν περί τ[ης συ](μ)μαχίας δουναι δ[ε]
το[ι]ς πρέσβεσ[ιν τοι]ς αιρεθεισιν εί[ς]
[εφ]όδια ΔΔ δρ[αχμάς ε]κάστωι τον ταμί[α]-
[ν τ]ου δήμου κ[αλέσαι κ]αι επί ξενια τού[ς]
[πρ[ε]σβεις [τους παρ’ Αμ]ύντου αι τους π[ε]-
[μφθ]έντα[ς υπό του δήμου] επί δείπνον εις
[το πρυτανείον εις αύρ]ιον. vacat
[—- ίππα[ρχοι
—- ….κλης Ερχι(εύς)
[—- Δημοχ]άρης Παια(νιεύς)
[—- Αμύντα]ς Αρριδαίου
[—- Αλέξανδ]ρος Αμύντου.

The restorations are those of Dittenberger (11. 1-4), Koumanoudes (11. 19, 21) and Koehler.-In 1. 4 Koehler restored τελεσθωσι.-In 1. 10 τ[η<ς> συμ]αχίας is possible (but σύμαχοι is written with one μ also in No. 122, 1. 5), as is κ[αι καλέσ]αι at in 1. 13.

We have here the latter part of an Athenian decree concluding an alliance with Amyntas III of Macedon, with whom his son Alexander is associated (11. 2, 21; but he is not mentioned in 11. 6, 14). The first extant lines relate to the election of Athenian representatives responsible for administering the oath to the Macedonian king and crown prince (11. 1, 2) and for the publication of the decree (the curious phrase used in 11. 3, 4 must refer to the making of the stele and the engraving thereon of the text), in order to secure the effectiveness of the measure (1. 4 f.). The people then commend Amyntas and his envoys-Ptolemaeus, Antenor and.. -son-and also the Athenian ambassadors who had visited Macedonia (11. 5-10), provides travelling expenses, at the rate of 20 drachmas each, for the new envoys who are to take the oath from Amyntas (11. 10-13) and invites the two bodies of envoys, Macedonian and Athenian, to ξένια and δείπνον respectively on the morrow (11. 13-16).

The names of the Athenian envoys follow (11. 17-19). Of these, probably five though possibly seven in number, two partially survive under the title [ιππα]ρχοι (this, rather than [φυλα]ρχοι, must be restored in view of their number and of the prominent role played by the hipparchs in making alliances; cf. Nos. 121, 1. 10, 147, 1. 15), one of whom is Demochares of Paeania, known from a naval record of 356-5 B.C. (I.G. ii2. 1612. 313) and references in ‘Demosthenes’ (xlvii. 22, 28, 32, lix. 30; see P.A. 3718 and p. 243).

Below are perhaps the names of two Macedonian representatives and, in large letters, those of the king and his son (11. 20, 21). Of the three Macedonians named in 11. 7, 8, the first may be Πτολεμαίος ο Αλωρίτης, who plotted against Amyntas and, after Alexander’s accession on his father’s death in 370-69, challenged his claim and soon assassinated him and himself usurped the throne (Geyer, Makedonien, 125, 128 ff., J. Kaerst, R.-E. i. 1412).

The association of the young Alexander, probably born in or after 392, with his father suggests that this alliance was concluded towards the close of Amyntas’ reign, and its occasion may well have been the expedition either of Chabrias in 375 or of Timotheus in 373. By it Amyntas sought the support he desired against Sparta and against Olynthus, while the Athenians strengthened their influence on the northern shore of the Aegean and secured their access to a most important source of ship-building timber (F. Geyer, op. cit. 122 if.; Accame, Lega, 165, n. 4)

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