Bible Cities:Ancient Berea

 


berea map thumb Bible Cities:Ancient Berea

 

Berea in Easton’s Bible Dictionary: a city of Macedonia to which Paul with Silas and Timotheus went when persecuted at Thessalonica (Acts 17:10, 13), and from which also he was compelled to withdraw, when he fled to the sea-coast and thence sailed to Athens (14, 15). Sopater, one of Paul’s companions belonged to this city, and his conversion probably took place at this time (Acts 20:4). It is now called Verria.

http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/B/Berea/

Berea in Fausset’s Bible DictionaryA city of Macedon, whither Paul withdrew, with Silas and Timothy, at his first visit to Europe, from Jewish persecution at Thessalonica, whence also, when the persecutors followed him from Thessalonica, he retired seawards to proceed to Athens (Acts 17:10-15). The Berean Jews were “more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word (preached) with all readiness of mind (not in a cavilling, critical spirit), and (yet not in a credulous spirit, for they) searched the Scriptures daily whether those things were so.” (See Isaiah 8:20; John 5:39; Galatians 1:8-9.) The result was necessarily, “many believed; also of honorable women, which were Greeks, and of men not a few.” Sopater, or Sosipater, one of them, became Paul’s missionary companion (Acts 20:4; Romans 16:21) in returning to Asia from his second visit to Europe, where he had been with him at Corinth. Now Verria, or Kara-verria, commanding a wide view of the plain of the Axius and Haliacmon; one of the most pleasant towns of Roumelia, with 20,000 inhabitants. One of the two roads from Thessalonica to Berea passed by Pella. A road led from Berea to Dium, whence probably Paul sailed to Athens, leaving Silas and Timothy behind.

http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/B/Berea/

Berea in Hitchcock’s Bible Namesheavy; weighty

http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/B/Berea/

Berea in Naves Topical BibleA city in the south of Macedonia Ac 17:10,13; 20:4

http://www.bible-history.com/naves/B/BEREA/

Berea in Smiths Bible Dictionary(well watered). 1. A city of Macedonia, mentioned in Ac 17:10,13 It is now called Verria or Kara-Verria, and is situated on the eastern slope of the Olympian mountain range, and has 15,000 or 20,000 inhabitants. 2. The modern Aleppo, mentioned in 2 Macc. 13:4. 3. A place in Judea, apparently not very far from Jerusalem. 1 Macc. 9:4.

http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/B/Berea/

Berea Scripture – Acts 17:10And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming [thither] went into the synagogue of the Jews.

http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Acts/17/

Berea Scripture – Acts 17:13But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people.

http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Acts/17/

Berea Scripture – Acts 20:4And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.

http://www.bible-history.com/kjv/Acts/20/

Beroea in the Bible Encyclopedia – ISBEbe-re’-a (Beroia or Berroia): #(1) A town of southwestern Macedonia, in the district of Emathia. It lay at the foot of Mt. Bermius, on a tributary of the Haliacmon, and seems to have been an ancient town, though the date of its foundation is uncertain. A passage in Thucydides (i.61) relating to the year 432 BC probably refers to another place of the same name, but an inscription (Inscr Graec, II, 5, 296i) proves its existence at the end of the 4th century BC, and it is twice mentioned by Polybius (xxvii.8; xxviii.8). After the battle of Pydba in 168 BC Berea was the first city to surrender to Rome and fell in the third of the four regions into which Macedonia was divided (Livy xliv.45; xlv.29). Paul and Silas came to Berea from Thessalonica which they had been forced by an uproar to leave, and preached in the synagogue to the Jews, many of whom believed after a candid examination of the apostolic message in the light of their Scriptures (Acts 17:10,11). A number of “Gr women of honorable estate and of men” also believed, but the advent of a body of hostile Jews from Thessalonica created a disturbance in consequence of which Paul had to leave the city, though Silas and Timothy stayed there for a few days longer (Acts 17:12-15). Perhaps the Sopater of Berea who accompanied Paul to Asia on his last journey to Jerusalem was one of his converts on this visit (Acts 20:4). Berea, which was one of the most populous cities of Macedonia early became a bishopric under the metropolitan of Thessalonica and was itself made a metropolis by Andronicus II (1283- 1328): there is a tradition that the first bishop of the church was Onesimus. It played a prominent part in the struggles between the Greeks and the Bulgarians and Serbs, and was finally conquered by the Turks in 1373-74. The town, which still bears among the Greeks its ancient name (pronounced Verria) though called by the Turks Karaferia, possesses but few remains of antiquity with the exception of numerous inscriptions (Leake, Travels in Northern Greece, III, 290 if; Cousinery, Voyage dans la Macedoine, I, 57 ff; Dimitsas, Makedonia in Greek, 57 ff). Marcus N. Tod (2) The place where Menelaus the ex-high priest was executed by order of Antiochus Eupator, the victim, according to local custom, being cast from a tower 50 cubits high into a bed of ashes (2 Macc 13:3 ff). It was the ancient city of Chalab, lying about midway between Antioch and Hierapolis. Seleucus Nicator gave it the name Berea. It was a city of importance under the Moslems in the Middle Ages, when the old name again asserted itself, and remains to the present time. The name “Aleppo” came to us through the Venetian traders in the days before the great overland route to India via Aleppo lost its importance through the discovery of the passage round the Cape. Aleppo is now a city of nearly 130,000 inhabitants. The governor exercises authority over a wide district extending from the Euphrates to the Mediterranean. (3) (Berea); A place mentioned in 1 Macc 9:4. It may be identical with BEEROTH (which see) in Benjamin, a Hivite town, 8 miles North of Jerusalem, or with the modern Birez- Zait, 1 1/2 miles Northwest of Jifneh.

http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/B/BEROEA/

http://www.bible-history.com/links.php?cat=40&sub=516&cat_name=Bible+Cities&subcat_name=Berea

Related posts:

Want more of this? See these Posts:

  1. Ancient non-Macedonian Greek cities/tribes enslaving Hellenes
  2. Ancient Macedonian Cities and Settlements – Pydna
  3. Macedonian Cities: Literary and Epigraphic Sources about the history of Ancient Edessa
  4. Ancient/Modern Sources about Thessalonica
  5. 1669 – Monk Robert De Dreux: ” Thessalonike is one of the most famous cities of Macedonia and All of Greece “
Comments