Philip II of Macedon 359 BC – 336 BC
GREEK ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΣ Β’ o Μακεδών
Όσο τρεις Παρθενώνες το ανάκτορο του Έλληνα βασιλιά της Μακεδονίας Φιλίππου Β’ στις Αιγές (Ελλάδα/Greece, Μακεδονία/Macedonia, Ιστορία/History).
The palace of Philip II, king of ancient Macedonia (360-336 BC.) was a huge two-storey mansion, three times the size of the Parthenon. The archaeologist Angeliki Kottaridi, who works at the archaeological site of Aigai – capital of the ancient Macedonian kingdom (today known as Vergina) – “rebuilt” the palace on paper, based on the results of excavations and new data. With a facade measuring 13.60 metres in length and 78 metres in height, many columns and arches, the building was probably the most prestigious of its time. According to Kottaridi, it took 10 to 12 years for the ambitious construction to be completed. The archaeologist calls the palace “Macedonias Parthenon” and “the second most important construction of ancient Greece”. With the palace of Philip II, a new style of architecture was introduced to the Hellenistic world, and became a new architectural motif.
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