Macedonia : Military Decree of Amphipolis

File:Amphipolis, Löwe.jpg

The “Amphipolis Lion”.

The Military Decree of Amphipolis (ca. 200 BC) is a Macedonian Greek inscription of two marble blocks, that originally contain at least three columns of text. It preserves a list of regulations governing the behaviour and discipline of the Macedonian army in camp.

τος μφέροντας τι τν καθηκόντων ατος πλων ζημιούτωσαν κατά τα γεγραμμένα· κοτθύβου βολος δύο, κώνου τσον, σαρίσης βολος τρες, μαχαίρας τσον, κνημίδων βολος δύο, σπίδος δραχμήν. πδτν γεμόνων τν τε δεδηλωμένων πλων τδιπλον καὶ θώρακος δραχμς δύο, μιθωρακίου δραχμήν. Λαμβανέτωσαν δτν ζημίαν ογραμματες καορχυ[πηρέτ]αι, παραδείξαντες τι βασιλετος θετηκότας

those not bearing the weapons appropriate to them are to be fined according to the regulations: for the kotthybos, two obols, the same amount for the konos, three obols for the sarissa, the same for the makhaira, for the knemides two obols, for the aspis a drachma. In the case of hegemons (officers), double for the arms mentioned, two drachmas for the thorax, a drachma for the hemithorakion. The secretaries (grammateis) and the chief assistants (archyperetai) shall exact the penalty, after indicating the transgressors to the King (basileus)

Other military terms mentioned are: ephodos (inspection patrol), ekkoition (“out-of-bed”, LSJ: night-watch), stegnopoiia (building the barracks), skenopoiia (tent-making), phragmos (fencing in), diastasis, phylax (guard), hypaspists, parembole, stratopedon (camp), speirarch (commander of a speira), tetrarch, and the strategoi.


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