Gotse Delchev - The Bulgarian rebel

Greek newspaper ‘Empros’ of 27th April 1903 about Delchev and the Bulgarian Uprising of Ilinden.

The person in the photo is Goce Delchev. Here is what the newspaper of that era writes about his death.



The assasinated BULGARIAN leader of rebels

August of 1903


“We have to work courageously, organizing and arming ourselves well enough to take the burden of the struggle upon our own shoulders, without counting on outside help. External intervention is not desirable from the point of view of our cause. Our aim, our ideal is autonomy for Macedonia and the Adrianople region, and we must also bring into the struggle the other people who live in these two provinces as well….

WE the Bulgarians of Macedonia and Adrianople, must not lose sight of the fact that there are other nationalities and states who are vitally interested in the solution of this question. Any intervention by Bulgaria would provoke intervention by the neighbouring states as well, and could result in Macedonia being torn apart”

quoted from p4, Chapter I

letter from Goce Delchev to Nikola Maleshevski, in which refers to himself as Bulgarian:

Sofia, 1 May 1899,

Kolyo (Nikola),

I have received all letters which were sent by or through you. May the dissents and cleavages not frighten you. It is really a pity, but what can we possibly do when WE OURSELVES ARE BULGARIANS and all suffer from the same disease! If this disease had not existed in our forefathers who passed it on to us, we wouldn’t have fallen under the ugly sceptre of the Turkish sultans…

The original letter:

Turkish documents about Delchev

Appendix No 16. A photocopy by the telegram of Salonik valiya (chief of Vilaet) Hasan Fahmi from May, 5, 1903. The telegram contains the phrase:

“The cheta of the one of the famous leaders Delchev, is composed by twenty one rebels, but shamelesses from the Bulgarian population joined to the cheta and they together counted almost from seventy to eighty persons. They were encircled by the Ottoman army in the village of Banitsa which is outlying two and half hours from Seres”.

Appendix No 17. A photocopy by the telegram of the Myutisarif of Seres from May, 9, 1903. The document has the words:

“I am informing you that the killed famous rebel Delchev wanted to pick on revolt the whole village population and that from the declaration of the captive hurt rebel Georgi we knew about existence of weapons in every village. The authorities know, according to the last information, that the Bulgarians from the village of Rondi near Seres are rebels and they help to the chetas of the Committee”.

Appendix No 18. A photocopy by the telegram, written to the Turkish Embassy in Bulgaria, May, 9, 1903. It contains the phrase:

„On April, 22 (May, 5), in the village of Banitsa one of the leaders of the Bulgarian Committees, with name Delchev, was killed“.

Gotse Delchev along with Gotse Imov as Officer Cadets in Sofia.

Diploma from Bulgarian school in Shtip, where Goce Delchev work as a Bulgarian language teacher.

N.Y Times,May 7,1903:

N.Y Times,May 11,1903:



Sources are more than clear.

  • Delchev considered and always called himself as a Bulgarian in the documents he left and the Slavic-speaking population in the regions of Adrianopole and Macedonia- Bulgarian.
  • Delchev’s family was forced to leave nowadays FYROM (then Southern Serbia) for being Bulgarian.
  • All descendants of Delchev (in fact of his siblings because he didn’t leave children) today live in Bulgaria and consider themselves as Bulgarians.
  • Delchev was Bulgarian teacher.
  • Delchev had never written anything in a language different from the Bulgarian one.
  • Delchev was member and later one of the leaders of an organisation whose initial name was Bulgarian Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Committees
  • Delchev’s best friends were Bulgarians and they considered him as Bulgarian.
  • Delchev was considered as Bulgarian by the Ottoman Empire.
  • Delchev was considered as Bulgarian leader by the Greeks.
  • Delchev was considered as Bulgarian by a quite authoritative source as “The New York Times”.
  • Delchev opposed to direct unification of Adrianopole region and Macedonia with Bulgaria but never said that the local population wasn’t Bulgarian.
  • Even some of the most popular historians from FYROM admit that Delchev had Bulgarian self-consciousness and considered the local population as Bulgarian.

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