Ancient Macedonia – Philip II (359-336 BC ) and ancient Greek coins

Ancient Macedonia  – Ilya Zlobin, expert in coins and artifacts of the ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine times reads the biography of the ancient Greek king of Macedonia Philip II of Macedonia. He was the father of Alexander the Great and won the Olympic games in ancient times and he made coins commemorating his victory. You can own these authentic ancient Greek coins today, which feature a head of Apollo and a nude youth riding a horse.

You are invited to visit his website for selection of over 6000 authentic ancient Greek Roman Biblical Byzantine artifacts and coins all certified authentic and guaranteed authentic for a lifetime. These items make a great gift, and many believe it to be a fantastic numismatic investment.

Philip II of Macedon ( 382–336 BC), was a Greek king (basileus) of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was the father of Alexander the Great and Philip III. Philip was the youngest son of the king Amyntas III and Eurydice I.
He was married several times.

Philip’s military skills and expansionist vision of Macedonian greatness brought him early success. When he became a king he first had to re-establish a situation which had been greatly worsened by the defeat against the. The Paionians and the Thracians had sacked and invaded the eastern regions of the country. Using diplomacy, Philip pushed back Paionians and Thracians promising tributes, and crushed the 3,000 Athenian hoplites in359.

Involved in the Third Sacred War which had broken out in Greece, in the summer of 353 he invaded Thessaly, defeating 7,000 Phocians under the brother of Onomarchus. The latter however defeated Philip in the two succeeding battles. Philip returned to Thessaly the next summer, this time with an army of 20,000 infantry and 3,000 cavalry including all Thessalian troops. In the Battle of Crocus Field 6,000 Phocians fell, while 3,000 were taken as prisoners and later drowned.

This battle granted Philip an immense prestige.

The Macedonian king took Greek Olynthus in 348 BC and razed the city to the ground. The same fate was inflicted on other cities of the Chalcidian peninsula. Macedon and the regions adjoining it having now been securely consolidated, Philip celebrated his Olympic Games at Dium.

In 342 BC, Philip led a great military expedition north against the Scythians, conquering the Thracian fortified settlement Eumolpia to give it his name, Philippopolis (modern Plovdiv).

Philip created and led the League of Corinth in 337 BC. Members of the League agreed never to wage war against each other, unless it was to suppress revolution.
In 336 BC, when the invasion of Persia was in its very early stage, Philip was assassinated by Pausanias, who was the lover of Philip and became jealous when Philip turned his attention to a younger man, also called Pausanias, and was succeeded on the throne of Macedon by his son Alexander III the Great.

Alexander the Great have housed the cult statue of Philip, who was regarded as a hero or deified on his death. Though the Macedonians did not consider Philip a god, he did receive other forms of recognition by the Greeks, such as at Eresos (altar to Zeus Philippeios), Ephesos (his statue was placed in the temple of Artemis), and Olympia, where the Philippeion was built.

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By MacedonianUprising

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